| Home  |  Programs  |  Calendar  |  Publications  |  Staff  |  Map  |  Search  |  Contact Us  | 

 

UF/Miami-Dade County Extension Home UF/Miami-Dade County Extension Programs UF/Miami-Dade County Extension Calendar of Events UF/Miami-Dade County Extension Publications UF/Miami-Dade County Extension Staff UF/Miami-Dade County Extension Map Search the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension website Contact UF/Miami-Dade County Extension

.  

Low-maintenance landscape plants for south Florida

Shrubs & Hedges (A-Ci)

Notes

indicates plants commonly available in nurseries and/or garden centers in south Florida
indicates Florida native plants
 indicates plants that can tolerate wet soils or occasional flooding. 

Click on underlined scientific names for photos and/or more information.

Common name
Scientific name

Size
(feet)

Light

Salt tolerance

Comments

Chenille plant

Acalypha hispida

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

6-15

Full sun to partial shade

Moderate

Medium to large shrub with large, oval, evergreen leaves. Separate male and female plants. Females have long, velvety clusters of purple, bright red, or crimson flowers resembling fluffy cat’s tail. Can wilt in full sun during drought.

Copperleaf

Acalypha wilkesiana

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

8-15

Full sun to partial shade

Moderate

Purple/red, green and pink foliage. Excellent for hedge or border, but can be over-powering.

Desert rose

Adenium obesum

3-10

Full sun

Moderate

Very showy flowers year-round, particularly during hot, dry weather. Must have perfect drainage since this plant is very prone to root and stem rots. Will loose leaves during cool weather. Excellent for rock gardens. Scales occasional pest.

Century plant

Agave americana

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

6-8

Full sun

High

Dramatic foliage and form. Evergreen, silver/gray to blue-green foliage. Showy, green-brown fruit. Armed with spines. Gritty, free- draining soil required. Blooms anywhere from 12-20 years of age, then dies. Excellent for rock gardens. Many other agaves available; some are variegated; all are drought tolerant. Caution: Sisal hemp, A. sisalana is a FLEPPC Category II invasive.

Purple allamanda

Allamanda blanchetii

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

10

Full sun

None

Evergreen, vining shrub with purple, tubular flowers. Attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds. Also known as Allamanda violacea.

Bush allamanda

Allamanda schotti

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

3-5

Full sun to partial shade

Moderate

Colorful, bright yellow, trumpet flowers. Glossy leaves in whorls of 3-6 on smooth stems, which bleed milky sap if cut. Attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds.

Shell ginger

Alpinia zerumbet

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

6-12

Full sun to partial shade

Moderate

Tall stems topped with drooping inflorescences bearing white, pink, red, and yellow, shell-shaped flowers. Forms dense clumps. Green and variegated forms. Best growth in moist soil, but can tolerate drought. Benefits from mulch.

Bird’s nest anthurium

Anthurium salviniae
(Link is to related species)

60

Partial to full shade

None

Large, herbaceous shrub or epiphyte consisting of majestic cluster of long, erect, tropical-looking leaves with wavy margins. Flowers relatively insignificant. Other bird’s nest anthuriums also drought tolerant.

Marlberry

Ardisia escallonioides

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

5-20

Partial shade

High

Native plant with attractive foliage and berries. Can be used as small specimen tree or barrier shrub. Attracts birds. Does poorly in full sun. Caution: The related shoebutton ardisia, A. elliptica, and coral ardisia, A. crenulata, are FLEPPC Category I invasive plants.

West Indian sea lavender

Argusia gnaphalodes

4-6

Full sun

High

Rounded shrub with fine, grayish-green leaves and small white flowers. Also known as Mallotonia gnaphalodes.

Silver sea oxeye

Borrichia arborescens

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

2-4

Full sun

High

Yellow, daisy-like flowers. Widely used on banks and slopes. Excellent for beach-front plantings in sand. Elsewhere, use freely draining soil to prevent root rot.

Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea spp.

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

5-30

Full sun

None

Very showy, thorny vine-like shrub with best bloom during dry season. Numerous cultivars available in a striking array of colors, magenta being the most common.  Some with variegated foliage. Best effect as a vine but can be trained as a shrub. Caterpillars occasional pest. Requires freely draining soil. Do not over-fertilize.

Yesterday-today-
and-tomorrow

Brunfelsia grandiflora

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

3-8

Full sun to partial shade

Moderate

Aptly named shrub with pansy-like flowers that open purple on the first day, then turn pale lavender and the second day, and finally white on the third day. Some leaf drop may occur during persistent drought.

Butterfly bush

Buddleia officinalis

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

6-12

Full sun to partial shade

Moderate

Fast-growing shrub with attractive pink, purple, or white flowers and gray-green leaves. Highly attractive to butterflies—hence the name. Nematodes occasional problem in sandy soils. Other tropical Buddleia also drought tolerant.

Locust-berry

Byrsonima lucida

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

3-30

Full sun to partial shade

Moderate

Native shrub to small tree with spreading canopy. Attractive flowers are white/pink to yellow. Orange to yellow berries attract wildlife. Can be used as a hedge.

Dwarf poinciana

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

5-20

Full sun

Moderate

Large shrub to small tree. Showy orange/yellow flowers during warmer months. Needs good drainage. Leaves and seeds poisonous.

Beautyberry

Callicarpa americana

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

6-8

Full sun to partial shade

Moderate

Native shrub. Flowers insignificant, though long-lasting purple berries are quite attractive, and provide a good food source for birds.

Giant milkweed

Calotropis gigantea

6

Full sun

Moderate

Large, thick, grayish-green leaves and purple to white, crown-like flowers. Tolerates poor soil, but requires excellent drainage. Host plant for monarch butterfly larvae.

Spicewood

Calyptranthes pallens

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

5-25

Partial Shade

Moderate

Small, shrubby, native tree with burgundy-tinged new growth and insignificant white flowers. Can be sheared and grown as a hedge. Good drought tolerance, but prefers moist soil.

Jamaica caper

Capparis cynophallophora

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

18

Full sun to partial shade

High

Native, slow-growing, undemanding plant with attractive, white, fragrant, spider lily-like flowers. With time, can be shaped into attractive hedge.

Caper bush

Capparis spinosa

2-5

Full sun

None

Elegant shrub often grown for its green capers—which are flower buds, pickled and salted. When allowed to flower, produces large, long-stemmed, pink or white flowers with long stamens. Leaves nearly round. Canopy open.

Natal plum

Carissa macrocarpa

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

3-20

Full sun to light shade

High

Large shrub to small tree with attractive, thick, glossy foliage, fragrant, jasmine-like flowers, and edible fruit. The spiny leaves and stems make this a good barrier plant once established. Web blight a problem if excessively wet.

Candle bush

Cassia alata

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

8

Full sun

Low

Large, pinnate leaves. Terminal, 6” yellow flower spikes appear in late summer and fall.

Cat palm

Chamaedorea cataractarum

3-8

Full sun to partial shade

Low

Mounding palm with elegant, dark green, glossy, feathery leaves. Can be used as a shrub or a hedge.

Bamboo palm

Chamaedorea erumpens

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

6-10

Partial to full shade

None

Heavily clumping palm with tall, slender stems resembling bamboo canes. Can be used as a shrub or a hedge. Also known as C. seifrizii.

Cocoplum

Chrysobalanus icaco

3-15

Full sun to partial shade

High

Native shrub with insignificant flowers, but new foliage quite attractive. Often used as hedge, but will thin if planted in too much shade. Available in spreading and erect forms.

Pineland snowberry

Chiococca alba

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

2-3

Full sun

Low

Native vining shrub with glossy green, elliptical to lanceolate leaves and tiny white flowers. Also known as C. pinetorum.

Fiddlewood

Citharexylum spinosum

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

50

Full sun

High

Large, tropical tree with pyramidal crown, glossy, bright green, elliptical leaves, and elongated, arching panicles—to 1’ long—of small, white, fragrant flowers. Leaves turn bronze in cool weather. Fruit are dark purple berries. Attractive to birds. Also known as C. fruticosum.

.
  .
Perennials Palms, Cycads & Palm-like Plants (A-E)
Annuals Palms, Cycads & Palm-like Plants (G-Z)
Shrubs & Hedges (A-Ci) Ornamental Grasses
Shrubs & Hedges (Cl-Ha) Groundcovers (A-I)
Shrubs & Hedges (He-P) Groundcovers (J-Z)
Shrubs & Hedges (R-Z) Vines
Flowering & Shade Trees (A-E) Epiphytes
Flowering & Shade Trees (F-Z) Herbs & Vegetables
Fruit Trees  

.

Scientific Name / Common Name Cross-Reference

Common Name / Scientific Name Cross-Reference

  .
BACK to FYN Main Page

FYN Publications

FYN Partners

  .

   | Home  |  Programs  |  Publications  |  Staff  |  Map  |  Search  |  Contact Us  | 

For IFAS-related questions or information, please contact IFAS External Relations
Copyright © 1994-2000 | University of Florida | Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences | Gainesville, FL 32611
For Web site problems or suggestions, contact the site Webmaster