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.   Low-maintenance landscape plants for south Florida

Scientific Name / Common Name Cross Reference

Acacia choriophylla Spineless acacia, Cinnecord
Acacia farnesiana Sweet acacia
Acacia sayel Blue acacia
Acalypha hispida Chenille plant
Acalypha wilkesiana Copperleaf
Acrocomia aculeata Macaw palm, Gru-gru palm
Adansonia digitata Baobab
Adenium obesum Desert rose
Aechmea rubens Bromeliad
Agave americana Century plant
Aglaonema commutatum Aglaonema
Allagoptera arenaria Seashore palm
Allamanda blanchetii Purple allamanda
Allamanda neriifolia Bush allamanda
Aloe barbadensis Aloe
Aloe saponaria Soap aloe
Alpinia zerumbet Shell ginger
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem
Anethum graveolens Dill
Annona squamosa Sugar apple
Annona squamosa X A. cherimola Atemoya
Anthurium salviniae Bird’s nest anthurium
Arachis pintoi Perennial peanut
Ardisia escallonioides Marlberry
Argusia gnaphalodes West Indian sea lavender
Aristolochia elegans Dutchman’s pipe, Calico flower
Artocarpus heterophyllus Jackfruit
Asclepias curassavica Scarlet milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly weed
Aspidistra elatior Cast iron plant
Atriplex hortensis Orach
Atriplex hortensis French spinach
Attalea cohune Cohune palm
Beaucarnea recurvata Ponytail ‘palm’
Begonia heracleifolia Star begonia, Winter begonia
Begonia popenoei White begonia
Begonia ricinifolia Castor bean begonia
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarck palm
Borrichia arborescens Silver sea oxeye
Bougainvillea spp. Bougainvillea
Bourreria succulenta Strongbark
Brachteantha bracteatum Strawflower
Brahea armata Blue hesper palm
Brahea decumbens Sierra Madre palm
Brassavola nodosa Lady-of-the-night
Brunfelsia grandiflora Yesterday-today-and-tomorrow
Bucida buceras Black olive
Buddleia officinalis Butterfly bush
Bursera simaruba Gumbo limbo
Butea monosperma Flame of the forest
Byrsonima lucida Locust-berry
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Dwarf poinciana
Callicarpa americana Beautyberry
Calotropis gigantea Giant milkweed
Calyptranthes pallens Spicewood
Canavalia maritima Beach bean
Canella winterana Cinnamon bark
Capparis cynophallophora Jamaica caper
Capparis spinosa Caper bush
Carissa macrocarpa Natal plum
Carpobrotus edulis Hottenrot fig, Iceplant
Cassia alata Candle bush
Cassia roxburghii Ceylon senna, Red cassia
Cassia spp. Cassia
Cattleya skinneri Orchid
Ceratozamia hildae Bamboo cycad
Ceratozamia kuesteriana Cycad
Ceratozamia latifolia Cycad
Ceratozamia robusta Cycad
Chamaedorea cataractarum Cat palm
Chamaedorea erumpens Bamboo palm
Chamaedorea stolonifera Stolon chamaedorea
Chambeyronia macrocarpa Red leaf palm
Chasmanthium latifolium Indian wood-oats
Chiococca alba Pineland snowberry
Chorisia speciosa Floss silk tree
Chrysobalanus icaco Cocoplum
Chrysophyllum oliviforme Satinleaf
Citharexylum spinosum Fiddlewood
Clerodendrum thomsoniae Glory bower vine, Bleeding heart
Clusia rosea Pitch apple
Clytostoma callistegioides Violet trumpet vine
Coccoloba diversifolia Pigeon plum
Coccoloba uvifera Sea grape
Coccothrinax argentata Silver palm
Coccothrinax crinita Old man palm
Cocos nucifera Coconut palm
Codiaeum variegatum Croton
Colubrina arborescens Coffee colubrina
Conocarpus eretus Buttonwood
Copernicia baileyana Bailey copernicia palm
Copernicia hospita Cuban wax palm
Copernicia macroglossa Cuban petticoat palm
Copernicia prunifera Carnauba wax palm
Cordyline terminalis Ti plant
Coreopsis tinctoria Calliopsis, Tickseed
Coriandrum sativum Coriander, Cilantro
Cortaderia selloana Pampas grass
Cosmos bipinnatus Cosmos
Costus scaber Spiral ginger
Crescentia alata Mexican calabash
Crossandra infundibuliformis Crossandra
Crossopetalum ilicifolium Christmas berry, Ground holly
Cydista aequinoctialis Garlic vine
Cymbopogon citratus Lemongrass
Dasylirion wheeleri Desert spoon
Delonix regia Royal poinciana
Dietes vegeta African iris, Fortnight lily
Dioon edule Cycad
Dioon mejiae Cycad
Dioon rzedowskii Cycad
Dioon spinulosum Cycad
Diospyros virginiana American persimmon
Distichlis spicata Seashore saltgrass
Dodanaea viscosa Varnish leaf
Dolichos lablab Hyacinth bean, Lablab bean
Dracaena marginata Dracaena
Duranta erecta Golden dewdrop
Dyckia brevifolia Miniature agave
Dyschoriste oblongifolia Twinflower
Elaeagnus philippensis Lingaro
Elaeis guineensis African oil palm
Encephalartos ferox Cycad
Encephalartos gratus Cycad
Encephalartos hildebrandtii Cycad
Encephalartos villosus Cycad
Encyclia cochleata Purple shell orchid
Encyclia tampensis Butterfly orchid
Eriobotrya japonica Loquat, Japanese plum
Ernodea littoralis Beach creeper, Golden creeper
Erythrina herbacea Coral bean tree
Erythrina variegata Coral tree, Tiger claw
Eugenia axillaris White stopper
Eugenia confusa Redberry stopper
Eugenia foetida Spanish stopper
Eugenia rhombea Red stopper
Euphorbia fulgens Scarlet plume
Euphorbia milii Crown-of-thorns
Euphoria longana Longan
Filicium decipiens Fern tree
Forestiera segregata Florida privet
Furcraea foetida Green aloe
Gaillardia pulchella Indian blanket
Galphimia glauca Thryallis
Gastrococos crispa Cuban belly palm
Gaura lindheimeri Whirling butterflies
Gazania rigens Gazania
Glandularia puchella Moss verbena
Glandularia tampensis Tampa verbena
Glottiphyllum depressum Fig marigold
Gomphrena globosa Globe amaranth
Grewia occidentalis Star flower
Guaiacum sanctum Lignum vitae
Guapira discolor Longleaf blolly
Guihaia argyrata Palm
Guzmania lingulata Guzmania
Habranthus spp. Rain lilies
Hamelia patens Firebush
Helianthus annuus Sunflower
Helianthus debilis Beach sunflower
Heliconia episcopalis Heliconia
Heliconia latispatha Heliconia
Heliconia rostrata Lobster claw heliconia
Hemerocallis spp. Daylily
Heterospathe elata Sagisi palm
Hippeastrum spp. Amaryllis
Holmskioldia sanguinea Chinese hat plant
Hylocereus undatus Night blooming cereus
Hyphaene coriacea Doum palm, Gingerbread palm
Ilex krugiana Krug holly
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon holly
Ipomoea pes-caprae Railroad vine
Ipomoea stolonifera Beach morning glory
Iva imbricata Beach elder
Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacaranda
Jacquinia keyensis Joewood
Jasminum mesnyi Primrose jasmine
Jasminum multiflorum Downy jasmine
Jatropha integerrima Peregrina
Jatropha multifida Coral plant, Physic nut
Juniperus chinensis Chinese juniper
Juniperus conferta Shore juniper
Justicia brandegeana Shrimp plant
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe spp. Kalanchoe
Krugiodendrum ferreum Black ironwood
Lagerstroemia indica Crepe myrtle
Lantana depressa Dwarf lantana
Leonotis nepetifolia Annual lion’s ear
Lepidozamia peroffskyana Cycad
Licania michauxii Gopher apple
Limonium sinuatum Statice
Liriope muscari Lilyturf
Liriope spicata Creeping lilyturf
Litchi chinensis Lychee
Livistona chinensis Chinese fan palm
Livistona decipiens Australian ribbon palm
Livistona muelleri Dwarf livistona palm
Livistona rotundifolia Footstool palm
Lysiloma latisiliquum Wild tamarind
Malpighia emarginata Barbados cherry
Mammea americana Mammee apple
Mandevilla splendens Pink allamanda, Mandevilla
Mangifera indica Mango
Melampodium divaricatum Butter daisy
Melicoccus bijugatus Spanish lime
Millettia reticulata Tropical wisteria
Monstera deliciosa Monstera
Moringa oleifera Horseradish tree
Morus rubra Red mulberry
Muhlenbergia capillaris Pink muhly grass, Hairgrass
Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Blue muhly grass
Myrcianthes fragrans Simpson’s stopper
Myrica cerifera Wax myrtle
Nannorrhops ritchiana Mazari palm
Neoregelia cruenta Bromeliad
Nephrolepis biserrata Sword fern
Ocimum basilicum Sweet basil
Odontonema strictum Firespike
Oncoba spinosa Fried egg tree
Ophiopogon japonicus Mondo grass
Opuntia spp. Prickly-pear cactus
Pachypodium lamerei Madagascar ‘palm’
Pandanus utilis Screw ‘pine’, Screw ‘palm’
Panicum amarum Beach panic grass
Paspalum notatum Bahiagrass
Paspalum vaginatum Seashore paspalum
Passiflora spp. Passionflowers
Pedilanthus tithymaloides Jacob’s ladder
Pennisetum orientale Oriental fountain grass
Pentalinon lutea Wild allamanda
Peperomia obtusifolia Baby rubber plant
Persea americana Avocado
Philodendron giganteum Giant philodendron
Philodendron imbe Burle Marx philodendron
Philodendron selloum Selloum, Tree philodendron
Phoenix canariensis Canary Island date palm
Phoenix roebelinii Pygmy date palm
Phoenix rupicola Cliff date palm
Piloblephis rigida Pennyroyal
Pimenta dioica Allspice
Pinus elliottii Slash pine
Piscidia piscipula Jamaican dogwood
Pittosporum ferrugineum Rusty pittosporum
Pittosporum tobira Pittosporum
Platycerium bifurcatum Staghorn fern
Plumbago auriculata Plumbago
Plumeria spp. Frangipani
Plumeria spp. Plumeria
Podocarpus macrophylla Podocarpus
Polypodium polypodioides Resurrection fern
Polypodium scolopendrium Wart fern
Polyscias spp. Aralias
Portea petropolitana Bromeliad
Portulaca grandiflora Moss rose
Portulaca oleracea Purslane
Portulacaria afra Elephant bush
Pouteria campechiana Canistel
Pouteria campechiana Egg fruit
Pseudophoenix lediniana Palm
Pseudophoenix sargentii Buccaneer palm
Pseudophoenix vinifera Cherry palm, Wine palm
Psychotria nervosa Wild coffee
Psychotria sulzneri Velvetleaf wild coffee
Puya berteroniana Bromeliad
Pycnanthemum floridanum Florida mountainmint
Pyrostegia venusta Flame vine
Quercus virginiana Live oak
Randia aculeata White indigoberry
Ravenala madagascariensis Traveller’s tree
Rhamnus spp. Buckthorn
Rhapis excelsa Lady palm
Rhipsalis baccifera Mistletoe cactus
Rosemarinus officinalis Rosemary
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan
Russelia equisetiformis Firecracker plant
Sabal causiarum Puerto Rican hat palm
Sabal etonia Scrub palmetto
Sabal minor Dwarf blue palmetto
Sabal palmetto Cabbage palm
Salvia spp. Ornamental sages
Samanea saman Rain tree
Sambucus canadensis American elderberry
Sapindus saponaria Soapberry
Scaevola plumieri Inkberry
Schefflera arboricola Dwarf schefflera
Schomburgkia tibicinus Orchid
Sedum spectabile Stonecrop
Senecio cineraria Dusty miller
Senecio confusus Mexican flame vine
Senna polyphylla Desert senna
Serenoa repens Saw palmetto
Sesuvium portulacastrum Sea purslane
Setaria palmifolia Palm grass
Sideroxylon foetidissimum False mastic
Solandra maxima Cup of gold, Chalice vine
Sophora tomentosa Necklace-pod
Spartina bakeri Sand cordgrass
Spathodea campanulata African tulip tree
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Blue porterweed
Stachytarpheta speciosa Pink porterweed
Stapelia spp. Carrion flower
Strelitzia nicolae White bird-of-paradise
Strelitzia reginae Orange bird-of-paradise
Streptosolen jamesonii Marmalade plant
Strongylodon macrobotrys Jade vine
Suriana maritima Bay cedar
Swietenia mahogani Mahogany
Synadenium grantii African milkbush
Tagetes lucida Mexican tarragon
Tamarindus indica Tamarind
Tecomaria capensis Cape honeysuckle
Tetrazygia bicolor Tetrazygia, West Indian lilac
Thrinax morrissii Keys thatch palm
Thrinax radiata Florida thatch palm
Thymnophylla tenuiloba Dahlberg daisy
Tillandsia spp. Air plants
Tillandsia usneoides Spanish moss
Tithonia rotundifolia Mexican sunflower
Trachelospermum asiaticum Yellow star jasmine
Triphasia trifolia Limeberry
Tripsacum dactyloides Fakahatchee grass
Tripsacum floridana Dwarf fakahatchee grass
Tulbaghia violacea Society garlic
Veitchia spp. Veitchia palm
Verbena bonariensis Purpletop verbena
Verbena x hybrida Verbena
Viburnum obovatum Walter’s viburnum
Viburnum obovatum Black haw
Washingtonia robusta Washintonia palm
Yucca aloifolia Spanish bayonet
Yucca elephantipes Spineless yucca
Yucca filamentosa Bear grass, Adam’s needle
Yucca gloriosa Spanish dagger
Zamia amblyphyllidia Cycad
Zamia floridana Florida coontie
Zamia herrerae Cycad
Zamia inermis Cycad
Zamia loddigesii Cycad
Zamia maritima Cardboard palm
Zamia vazquezii Fern cycad
Zanthoxylum fagara Wild lime
Zephyranthes spp. Rain lily
Zinnia elegans Zinnia
Zinnia haageana Mexican zinnia
Zizyphus mauritiana Indian jujube
Zombia antillarum Zombie palm
 
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Perennials Palms, Cycads & Palm-like Plants (A-E)
Annuals Palms, Cycads & Palm-like Plants (G-Z)
Shrubs & Hedges (A-Ci) Ornamental Grasses
Shrubs & Hedges (Cl-Ha) Groundcovers (A-I)
Shrubs & Hedges (He-P) Groundcovers (J-Z)
Shrubs & Hedges (R-Z) Vines
Flowering & Shade Trees (A-E) Epiphytes
Flowering & Shade Trees (F-Z) Herbs & Vegetables
Fruit Trees  

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Scientific Name / Common Name Cross-Reference

Common Name / Scientific Name Cross-Reference

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