| Home  |  Programs  |  Calendar  |  Publications  |  Staff  |  Map  |  Search  |  Contact Us  | 

 
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

   | Home  |  Programs  |  Calendar  |  Publications  |  Staff  |  Map  |  Search  |  Contact Us  | 

UF/Miami-Dade County Extension Home UF/Miami-Dade County Extension Programs UF/Miami-Dade County Extension Calendar of Events UF/Miami-Dade County Extension Publications UF/Miami-Dade County Extension Staff UF/Miami-Dade County Extension Map Search the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension website Contact UF/Miami-Dade County Extension

.  

Low-maintenance landscape plants for south Florida

Ornamental Grasses

Notes:

indicates plants commonly available in nurseries and/or garden centers in south Florida
indicates Florida native plants
 indicates plants that can tolerate wet soils or occasional flooding. 

Click on underlined scientific names for photos and/or more information.

Common name
Scientific name

Size

Light

Salt tolerance

Comments

Big bluestem

Andropogon gerardii

5-10’

Full sun

Moderate

Perennial, upright, bunch grass forming large clumps. Stems with blue at base. Leaves blue-green in early summer, maturing to copper or orange-brown in fall. Bronze to purplish seed heads, to 3”, in late summer. Tolerates flooding in summer.

Indian wood-oats

Chasmanthium latifolium

2-5’

Full sun to partial shade

None

Attractive, clump-forming grass with wide leaves and nodding, arching clusters of flat, oat-like seedheads. Resembles small sea-oats. Dried flowerheads highly prized. Also grown as groundcover in shaded areas.

Pampas grass

Cortaderia selloana

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

6-12’

Full sun

Low

Impressive, graceful, fountain-like clumps. Large, 12-18” tall plumes erupt from foliage in mid-summer. Will tolerate poorly drained soil and brief flooding. Dried flowerheads highly prized. Caution: Purple pampas grass, C. jubata, is invasive.

Lemongrass

Cymbopogon citratus

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

4-6’

Full sun to light shade

Low

Elegant, fragrant, clumping grass with thin, strap-like, yellow-green leaves that release citrus aroma when crushed. Prefers moist soil; moderate drought tolerance.

Lilyturf

Liriope muscari

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

1-2’

Partial to full shade

Moderate

Grass-like foliage and trumpet shaped flowers borne on erect stems in blue, purple, pink, or white, depending on species or cultivar. Cold tolerant. Needs freely draining soil. Mulch to control weeds.

Creeping lilyturf

Liriope spicata

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

6-18”

Partial shade

Moderate

Similar to lilyturf, but creeping rather than upright habit.

Pink muhly grass, hairgrass

Muhlenbergia capillaris

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

2-3’

Full sun to partial shade

High

Compact, tuft-forming grass with fine, feather-like, pink flowerheads held high above the leaves.

Blue muhly grass

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri

1-2’

Full sun

High

Similar to pink muhly grass, but with bluish-gray foliage and purplish to gray flowerheads. Prefers dry, but will tolerate wet soil. Excellent groundcover for poor, sandy soils.

Mondo grass

Ophiopogon japonicus

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

6-24”

Partial to full shade

High

Dark green to blackish, glossy leaves. Small, lavender flowers followed by iridescent, blue-black berries. Good border plant.

Beach panic grass

Panicum amarum
(Link is to related species)

1-2’

Full sun

High

Clumping grass with flower stalks rising above foliage. Grows well in sand. Good for beach-front.

Oriental fountain grass

Pennisetum orientale

1-2’

Full sun to partial shade

High

Low-growing, compact fountain grass with pink or white, fluffy inflorescence in summer and fall. Prefers well-drained soil. Caution: The related P. purpureum is a FLEPPC Category I invasive plant.

Palm grass

Setaria palmifolia

8-10’

Full sun to partial shade

Low

Evergreen, tropical grass with wide, accordian-pleated leaves that resemble palm seedlings. Greenish, cylindrical flower spike arches above leaves.

Sand cordgrass

Spartina bakeri

4-6’

Full sun

High

Large, bunch-forming grass with thin, brownish-green, rolled, wire-like, sand-papery leaves. Highly adaptable and underutilized. Good for beach-front.

Fakahatchee grass

Tripsacum dactyloides

4-5’

Full sun to partial shade

Moderate

Large, native grass. Rich green foliage erupts from fountain-like clumps. Distinctive flowers rise above leaves on slender stems in midsummer. Easy to grow. Virtually free of pests. Prefers moist soil, but has good drought tolerance.

Dwarf fakahatchee grass

Tripsacum floridana

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

2-4’

Full sun to partial shade

Moderate

Native grass similar to T. dactyloides, but smaller.

.
  .
Perennials Palms, Cycads & Palm-like Plants (A-E)
Annuals Palms, Cycads & Palm-like Plants (G-Z)
Shrubs & Hedges (A-Ci) Ornamental Grasses
Shrubs & Hedges (Cl-Ha) Groundcovers (A-I)
Shrubs & Hedges (He-P) Groundcovers (J-Z)
Shrubs & Hedges (R-Z) Vines
Flowering & Shade Trees (A-E) Epiphytes
Flowering & Shade Trees (F-Z) Herbs & Vegetables
Fruit Trees  

.

Scientific Name / Common Name Cross-Reference

Common Name / Scientific Name Cross-Reference

  .
BACK to FYN Main Page

FYN Publications

FYN Partners

  .

   | Home  |  Programs  |  Publications  |  Staff  |  Map  |  Search  |  Contact Us  | 

For IFAS-related questions or information, please contact IFAS External Relations
Copyright © 1994-2000 | University of Florida | Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences | Gainesville, FL 32611
For Web site problems or suggestions, contact the site Webmaster