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Low-maintenance landscape plants for south Florida

Fruit Trees

Notes

indicates plants commonly available in nurseries and/or garden centers in south Florida
indicates Florida native plants
 indicates plants that can tolerate wet soils or occasional flooding. 

Click on underlined scientific names for photos and/or more information.

Common name
Scientific name

Size
(feet)

Light

Salt tolerance

Comments

Sugar apple

Annona squamosa

10-20

Full sun

None

Popular, semi-deciduous fruit tree with pale green flowers. Large fruit has custard-like texture and is delicious when eaten fresh.

Atemoya

Annona squamosa X A. cherimola

25-30

Full sun

None

Hybrid of the sugar apple and the cherimoya. Fast growing tree with a short trunk. Fruit similar to sugar apple.

Jackfruit

Artocarpus heterophyllus

30-70

Full sun

None

Handsome and stately tree that grows to enormous size. Adapted to humid tropical and near-tropical climates. Produces enormous, green, pebbly fruit weighing up to 50 pounds each, inside which are small pieces of pineapple-tasting flesh surrounding numerous large seeds.

American persimmon

Diospyros virginiana

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

50

Full sun

None

Native, slow-growing, deciduous tree with elliptical, two-tone leaves (dark green top; pale green underneath) and black, textured bark. Females produce 2” fruits that ripen to deliciously sweet. Choose named cultivars, ‘Triumph’ being very good.

Loquat, Japanese plum

Eriobotrya japonica

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

10-30

Full sun

Moderate

Attractive tree with showy, fragrant, winter-time flowers, followed by excellent fruit. Over-use of fertilizer increases risk of fire blight disease.

Longan

Dimocarpus longana

30-40

Full sun

None

Smaller relative of lychee. Longan fruit is round or oval and larger than an olive. Thin, rough, caramel-colored shell is easily peeled. Longan pulp is translucent white and sweeter than lychee, but not as juicy. Also known as Euphoria longana.

Lychee

Litchi chinensis

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

30-40

Full sun

None

Dense, round-topped, slow-growing tree with smooth, gray, brittle trunk and limbs. Leathery, pinnate leaves divided into four to eight leaflets, reddish when young. Full foliage and branches to ground. Fruit covered by leathery rind, pink to strawberry-red in color and rough in texture. Edible portion or aril is white, translucent, firm and juicy. Flavor sweet, fragrant, and delicious.

Mammee apple

Mammea americana

60

Full sun

Moderate

Form resembles large magnolia, with thick, broad, elliptical leaves. Small, fragrant, white flowers. Edible fruit with apricot-like flesh and poisonous seed.

Mango

Mangifera indica

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

40-60

Full sun

None

Attractive, reddish inflorescences with tiny white flowers produced in late winter/early spring. Requires dry season for flowering and fruit set. Excellent tasting, large, green, yellow, or red fruit. Needs excellent drainage. Need for water increases during fruit development. Choose only known, grafted varieties.

Spanish lime

Melicoccus bijugatus

85

Full sun

Moderate

Upright, attractive tree ideally suited to oolitic limestone of Miami-Dade and the Keys. Once established, withstands extended drought. Male and female trees required for reliable fruit production.

Red mulberry

Morus rubra

70

Full sun

Low

Trunk bears spreading crown with serrated, heart-shaped leaves with a rough upper surface. Copious amounts of fruit are relatively tasteless. Attractive to birds and other wildlife. Can be disfigured by leaf spotting diseases.

Avocado

Persea americana

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

40-60

Full sun

None

Dense, evergreen tree, shedding many leaves in early spring. Grown for fruit. Needs excellent drainage. Need for water increases during fruit development. Seed-grown trees slow to bear fruit and do not come true. Choose only known, grafted varieties.

Canistel, egg fruit

Pouteria campechiana

20-40

Full sun

None

Large, open-growing, evergreen tree. Leaves or branches, if cut, have clear, milky sap. Yellow to bright orange fruit matures September - March. Flesh yellow, dry to moist consistency, depending on variety. Caution: Do not plant within 500’ of hardwood hammock in Miami-Dade County.

Tamarind

Tamarindus indica

(Click here for UF Fact Sheet )

50-90

Full sun

Moderate

Attractive feathery foliage, fissured bark, and yellow/red flowers. Pods contain edible pulp. Highly wind resistant. May need chelated iron on limestone soils. Will drop leaves during drought.

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  .
Perennials Palms, Cycads & Palm-like Plants (A-E)
Annuals Palms, Cycads & Palm-like Plants (G-Z)
Shrubs & Hedges (A-Ci) Ornamental Grasses
Shrubs & Hedges (Cl-Ha) Groundcovers (A-I)
Shrubs & Hedges (He-P) Groundcovers (J-Z)
Shrubs & Hedges (R-Z) Vines
Flowering & Shade Trees (A-E) Epiphytes
Flowering & Shade Trees (F-Z) Herbs & Vegetables
Fruit Trees  

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Scientific Name / Common Name Cross-Reference

Common Name / Scientific Name Cross-Reference

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