Herbs and Vegetables

Notes:

  • -- indicates plants commonly available in nurseries and/or garden centers in south Florida

  • © indicates Florida native plants

  • water drop indicates plants that can tolerate wet soils or occasional flooding. 

    Click on linked scientific names for photos and/or more information.

Common name
Scientific name

Size

Light

Salt tolerance

Comments

Dill --
Anethum graveolens

3-5’

Full sun

None

Erect, freely branching, annual herb with fine, lacy, blue-green foliage. Seeds produce “dill” herb. Flowers small, yellow, and borne in large, rounded, umbrella-like clusters.  May bolt quickly to flowering during prolonged drought.

Orach, French spinach
Atriplex hortensis

2-6’

Full sun

Unknown

Usually grown for its tender, spinach-like leaves. Leaves can be green, yellowish-green, red or purple. Sometimes grown as bedding plant.

Caper bush
Capparis spinosa

2-5’

Full sun

None

Elegant shrub often grown for its green capers—which are flower buds, pickled and salted. When allowed to flower, produces large, long-stemmed, pink or white flowers with long stamens. Leaves nearly round. Canopy open.

Cajanus cajan

      

Coriander, cilantro --
Coriandrum sativum

2-3’

Full sun

None

Fine, feathery foliage source of cilantro. Dried seeds are coriander. Small, white or pink flowers borne in flat-topped clusters. Requires well-drained soil. Suffers during humid, rainy weather; plant in fall or winter.

Sweet basil --
Ocimum basilicum

12”

Full sun

None

Mounding, perennial herb with densely branching, light green foliage and typical peppery-clove basil scent. Used as border plant. ‘Spicy Globe’ cultivar is best known ornamental basil. Continues to grow in summer if blossoms cut before setting seed.

Rosemary --
Rosemarinus officinalis

3’

Full sun

High

Evergreen, woody shrub with aromatic, needle-like leaves and gray, scaly bark. Easy to propagate from cuttings. Widely used as herb or nontraditional medicine. Upright forms perform best.

Mexican tarragon
Tagetes lucida

18-30”

Full sun or partial shade

Unknown

Semi-woody, bushy subshrub with many smooth, upright, unbranched stems. Yellow flowers in late fall. Requires well-drained soil. Soothing, aromatic herbal tea made from leaves. Also used in herbal vinegars.